Validate XML Against A Schema Online

Have you ever wanted to validate an xml document against a schema, but didn’t have any applications at your disposal to do it?

You can use the schema validate tool on decisionsoft.com:

http://tools.decisionsoft.com/schemaValidate/

You upload a schema and an xml doc, and it will attempte to validate the xml against the schema.

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Using XSD.exe

.Net has a tool called the XML Schema Definition Tool (XSD.EXE) which can turn XSD schemas into classes.  Also, it will try to make it so those classes will conform to the schema when serialized as XML.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/cptools/html/cpconxmlschemadefinitiontoolxsdexe.asp

xsd.exe pathToXSD.xsd /classes /language:VB /outputdir:C:output

You can then serialize and deserialize the object into/from XML.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/cpref/html/frlrfSystemXmlSerializationXmlSerializerClassTopic.asp

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/cpref/html/frlrfSystemXmlSerializationXmlSerializerClassDeserializeTopic.asp

 

 

Validating XML document against an XML Schema with VB.Net

It seems like validating an XML document against a schema would be a pretty simple thing to do in the .Net framework, seeing as how they have such deep support for dealing with XML.

But as of yet, I haven’t found a simple way to do it.

Here is the code I have been using to validate XML against an XML Schema.

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema


Private schemaValidation As New ValidationEventHandler(AddressOf ValidationHandler)

Private Function ValidateXml(ByVal xmlFileName As String, ByVal xmlSchemaName As String) As Boolean
Using myFile As New FileStream(xmlFileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.None)
Dim xDoc As New Xml.XmlDocument()
xDoc.Load(myFile)
xDoc.Schemas.Add(GetSchema(xmlSchemaName))
Try
xDoc.Validate(schemaValidation)
Return True
Catch ex As XmlSchemaValidationException
Console.Write(ex.ToString)
Return False
Catch ex As XmlSchemaException
Console.Write(ex.ToString)
Return False
Catch ex As Exception
Console.Write(ex.ToString)
Return False
End Try
End Using
End Function

Private Function GetSchema(ByVal filePath As String) As XmlSchema
Dim schema As XmlSchema
Using s As New System.IO.FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Open)
Using reader As New StreamReader(s)
schema = XmlSchema.Read(reader, Nothing)
End Using
End Using
Return schema
End Function

Private Sub ValidationHandler(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Xml.Schema.ValidationEventArgs)
Throw e.Exception
End Sub
 

Sending Datasets and Objects Over the Wire: Serialization and XML

I have tried to councel against sending datasets across web service calls, but we have a lot of instances where this is being done.

One of the problems with this is that datasets get bloated when converted to XML.

So I set out to compare the sizes of:

  1. Serialized List(Of MyType)
  2. Serialized DataTable
  3. Serialized DataSet
  4. XML Serialized Dataset

I wish I had done some research on this, because I would have quickly been reminded that DataSets always serialize as XML, even if you are using the BinaryFormatter. 

There are lots of people out there coming up with their own ideas for how to improve the serialization of datasets:

Anyway, this isn’t really THAT big of a deal, because my real goal wasn’t to improve the dataset serialization, but to simply see what it would be, and compare it to some other ways to serialize data, like in a list of business objects or a datatable.

The results are interesting:

Given a list of 1013 Business Objects (Records) the serialization results are as follows:

Method Size (bytes)
List(Of MyType) 290,321
DataTable 819,575
DataSet 693,088
XML Serialzied Dataset 851,614

I have read that you can really decrease the size of the dataset by writing your own logic to do the serialization, but as everyone points out that is kind of a pain.